We live in The State of Arizona

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The Five C's of Arizona
Copper, Cattle, Cotton, Citrus and Climate.


Link to the Arizona Secretary of State site on Arizona's 5Cs

...from the State of Arizona's website:


People have been digging in Arizona for precious metals for a long time. Native Americans used gold, silver and copper for tools and weapons as well as for jewelry and in paint for pottery. People started to come to the state to seek riches and settle in the 1700 and 1800s. By 1863 about one in every four people in the state were a miner. Copper ore is still mined in the state for many different uses. Copper is used in mostly in wire or coins, such as a penny. Copper sulphate (a form of copper) can be used to purify water. Responsive image The Ray Mine has been producing copper for many years...


In 1918 Arizona had as many as 1.75 million head of cattle providing beef to the nation. Today the state has about half that number of cattle, with beef exported to other nations, like Japan. The ranching of hogs and sheep also continues as it has from Arizona's early days. In the early years of the state, the five C's provided the most jobs. Agriculture, ranching and mining jobs helped bring people here to work and play. Of the Five only two found success in the Rim Country and that was cattle and climate. And many would argue about climate, but that summer heat in the valley is the reason many people head to the mountains for their summers. There were a few mines around, but nothing of substance.
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The growing of cotton became a "cash crop" for Arizona farmers in the 1910s. At that time a new cotton, known as Pima long-staple cotton started to be grown in the state. Cotton and parts of the plant is used in clothing, for fertilizer, fuel, packing, in paper and cardboard and even in some plastics. Cottonseed oil can be used in cooking and used to make margarine and shortening. Today, Arizona remains a leading cotton state along with the other leading producers including Texas, California, Mississippi and Louisiana.


Citrus refers to agriculture and farming in the state. Grapefruit, lemons, limes and oranges are among the most popular citrus grown. Eating and drinking citrus juice is very healthy and good for you. Responsive imageOranges are ready around Christmas time, fun to pick your own breakfast!


Climate still plays an important role in the state's economy. Climate refers to the weather in the state. Our climate is mild. That means we don't have a lot of changes in the weather. Because it is sunny most of the time people like to visit the state. People spend money on hotels and food and sight-seeing. This affects the economy positively. Climate today is referred to as the state's tourism industry.


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A version of the Arizona Rangers

Mogollon Rim Country

We live just west of Show Low Arizona in a community called Linden. The subdivision know as Timberland is our home. When the Rodeo-Chediski Fire came to the area in 2002 this subdivision was evacuated and many homes were lost to the fire. In 2011 we had another scary month when the Wallow fire erupted and claimed over 500,000 acres.
For over twenty years we have known, we being the people of the United States, that our forests were over grown and contain way too much fuel. Too much fuel allows a fire to start and burn faster and hotter than normal. This means that fighting such a fire is more a waiting game than a fire fighting game!


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The OW after the Rodeo-Chedeski fire. The hills will be as beautiful as they were in maybe another hundred years...

Had the monsoon rains not come in July of 2011 the Wallow fire could still be raging, almost! Part of our society would rather see the forest devastated by a very damaging fire than to see one logger make a living cutting wood. Or maybe it is just the logging company that they can't stand... I don't know.

The great Dude fire in 1990, Rodeo-Chediski in 2002, and the Wallow fire of 2011 show that the forest deserve better care than they are getting with the litigants running the show. People with common sense need to take back control of our forests!


1) Wikipedia, Rodeo–Chediski Fire, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodeo%E2%80%93Chediski_Fire (as of Nov. 4, 2011, 17:47 GMT).
2) Wikipedia, Wallow Fire, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallow_Fire (as of Nov. 4, 2011, 17:45 GMT).


Some Results

Our large and beautiful Ponderosa Pine forest has taken some devastating hits in the last few decades. Fires are not the only interloper into the forest. I have mentioned overgrowth and now we are faced with another unnatural natural item in the woods! The feral horse. Many millions of years ago Eohippus, the predicessor of modern horse roamed the North American continent. They did die out... the horse reappeared on the North American continent when Cortez brought them in 1520. The argument that they are part of the natural Ponderosa Forest ecosystem is false on the face of it! We as humans are glad there are horses, but to allow feral animals to roam unfettered is dangerous and unwise at best.

Cattle Country

...home of the Cowboy! Cowboys, ranches, rodeos, shoot'em ups and don't forget the Indians and Cavalry caused a lot of concern in this area. Rim Country is south of the Navajo reservation and on the border and north of the White Mountain Apache reservation. Ancestors of the current Tribes left signs all over the Rim Country. Pueblos are found all the time, or maybe just made note of... since someone knew they were there!
Cowboys and Indians, high times and crashes all describe the Rim Country.
Winters can drop feet of snow in this area, but it is part of the Rim Country beauty! Summers are mild and that is when the people from the valley cause traffic jams in the high country.

A tall tale or more!

Toward the end of the nineteenth century there was a phenomenon called the “Dime Novel” that had created a fictional interest in the goings on of the western settlement of this great country. The “Cowboys and Indians” didn’t make this market but their stories added millions to its readership. This phenomenon created a rather large business, involving large revenues and it was fed by writers whose lack of factual information was more than offset by tales of derring-do! The dime novel soon led to the “B” movie and the real facts of western migration were left to the winds of time. But the Cowboy was made into a heroic American icon that ranked with the Samurai, the Crusader, Robin Hood and all honorable fighting men. My problem with all this misinformation or erroneous history is that some people were writing the fable when they knew the truth. George H. W. Bush once said “character matters!” And I believe that is the basis of a free society. Once lost there is naught but chaos and anarchy.

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1906 version of the Arizona Rangers.

A modern version of the Arizona Rangers still exists! And Dean is a member.

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Dean and friends on a Navajo County Search and Rescue training day.
Caption should say "how did he get down there?"
and of course "how we gonna get him out of there?"
or maybe this... "if we throw him a rope, you suppose he would climb out?"

These Guys and Gals risk life and limb to help, for no other reason, other than they are needed... volunteers!

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